Breast cancer facts:
Breast cancer is a cancer that forms in the cells of the breasts.
More than 200,000 cases are diagnosed in the country every year.
It requires a medical diagnosis and is treatable by a medical professional. Breast cancer can occur in women and rarely in men.
Treatment depends on the stage of cancer, and may consist of chemotherapy, radiation, and surgery.
Signs and symptoms of breast cancer may include:
Swollen lymph nodes.
Discomfort in breast.
Lumps in breast.
Change in the size, shape or appearance of breast.
Changes to the skin over the breast.
Factors that are associated with an increased risk of breast cancer include:
Being female. Women are much more likely than men are to develop breast cancer.
Increasing age. Your risk of breast cancer increases as you get older.
Personal history of breast cancer. If you have had breast cancer in one breast, you have a much greater risk of developing cancer in the other breast.
Radiation exposure. If you received radiation treatments as a child or young adult, your risk of breast cancer is increased greatly.
Obesity. Being obese greatly increases your risk of breast cancer.
Family history of breast cancer. If the women in your family were diagnosed with breast cancer at an early age, your risk of breast cancer is increased.
Inherited genes. Certain gene mutations that increase the risk of breast cancer can be passed from parents to children.
Drinking alcohol. Drinking alcohol increases the risk of breast cancer.